# Maths

How Maths is taught at Palmarsh Primary

As with English, mathematical skills are taught in daily Maths lessons as well as in lessons across the curriculum. Children in all years have the opportunity to learn and master skills in all areas of the Maths Curriculum, including Number, Measurement, Geometry, Statistics, Ratio and Proportion and Algebra (Yr6 only).

Calculations

To develop efficient written calculation strategies, children need:

• Secure mental methods which are developed from early years
• A solid understanding of the number system
• Practical hands on experience including a range of manipulatives
• Visual models and images including number lines and arrays
• Experience of expanded methods to develop understanding and avoid rote learning
• Secure understanding of each stage before moving onto the next.

#### Key Stage 1

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in Key Stage 1 is to ensure that children develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This involves working with numerals, words and the four operations, including with practical resources (e.g. concrete objects and measuring tools).

#### Lower Key Stage 2 – Years 3-4

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in lower Key Stage 2 is to ensure that children become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the four operations, including number facts and the concept of place value. This should ensure that children develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers.

At this stage, children should develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including with simple fractions and decimal place value.

#### Upper Key Stage 2 – Years 5-6

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in upper Key Stage 2 is to ensure that children extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that children make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.

At this stage, children should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation. With this foundation in arithmetic, children are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems.

By the end of Year 6, children should be fluent in written methods for all four operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.

Click on the link below to see the National Curriculum document which sets out what is taught in each year group.

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